Batteries and Fuel Cells Testing and Inspection

Guide to Lithium-ion Battery Solutions
Testing, Analysis and Inspection of Batteries and Fuel Cells

Testing, Analysis and Inspection of Batteries and Fuel Cells

Advances in fuel cell and battery technology are enabling the proliferation of electric vehicles. Shimadzu manufactures a complete range of instrumentation to characterize the composition and thermal/mechanical behavior of battery cell membrane, electrolytes and electrodes.

Shimadzu SMX-225CT scanners enable precise nondestructive imaging of internal battery components.

Shimadzu subsidiary Kratos Analytical offers X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy instruments for advanced surface and electrochemical investigations.

Guide to Lithium-ion Battery Solutions

Guide to Lithium-ion Battery Solutions

Solutions for material testing, thermal analysis, organic / inorganic component analysis, internal structure evaluation, microanalysis, and particle characterization of lithium-ion batteries.


Multilateral Evaluation of Positive and Negative Electrodes in Lithium-ion Batteries

Multilateral Evaluation of Positive and Negative Electrodes in Lithium-ion Batteries

Demand for lithium ion batteries is expected to expand further in the future, driven by demand for electric vehicles, which are supported by policies in various countries around the world, and demand for PC, smartphone, and tablet devices, which are driven by digital transformation (DX). In addition, companies and research institutes around the world are actively engaged in research and development to commercialize all solid state batteries as next generation batteries. Shimadzu provides total solutions to various market issues by utilizing evaluation equipment and technology cultivated over a long history.


Analytical and Measuring Instruments for Rechargeable Lithium Ion Batteries


The lithium-ion rechargeable battery is a relatively new type of battery that was first used in the early 1990s. With their high voltage and high energy density, these batteries are widely used for consumer electronics applications, such as mobile phones and laptop computers. Due to enhanced consumer concerns for the environment and fuel savings, the automobile industry has also been developing these batteries for hybrid vehicle (HV) and electric vehicle (EV) applications, which should lead to enhanced output, efficiency, and performance. As a leading manufacturer of a broad range of analytical and testing instruments, Shimadzu provides a variety of solutions that contribute to research, development, and quality control of lithium-ion rechargeable batteries as they become more widely used in consumer electronics and eco-cars.


Lithium-ion Rechargeable Battery Testing Instrument Matrix

Part Material Commonly Used Components Test Items (Instrument)
Positive Electrode Active Material LiCoO2 (lithium cobalt oxide)
Mn or Ni may be used instead of Co.
Composition (ICPES,ICPMS,XRF)
Crystallinity (XRD)
Particle Size (Particle Size Analysis)
Electron State (XPS)
Binder Vinylidene fluoride (polyvinilidene fluoride (PVDF)) Molecular weight distribution (GPC), Composition (FTIR)
Conduction enhancer Carbon (carbon black, acetylene black, graphite, etc) Crystallinity (XRD)
Negative Electrode Active Material Carbon, graphite Crystallinity (XRD), Particle Size (particle size analysis)
Trace Additive Li, P, Cu, Na, Co, Ca, K, etc Composition (ICP)
Binder SBR
CMC(carboxymethylcellulose), PVDF also used previously
Structure (FTIR)
Separator Polyolefins (high-density polyethylene) Structure (FTIR)
Thermal characteristics (TGA)
Electrolyte Solution Solvent Carbonate ester, carboxylate ester, ether Composition (GCMS,GC)
Electrolyte LiPF6, LiBF4 Composition (ICP)
Additive Vinylene Carbonate Composition (GCMS)
Single-cell, module
    Compression strength(Universal testing machine)

Featured Applications

Positive Electrode

Battery Positive Electrode

The positive electrode is an important component that influences the performance of lithium-ion battery. Material development is underway to improve the high energy density and durability against charge/discharge cycles. In order to reduce the cost of battery and ensure a stable supply, the flow of cobalt-free positive electrode active materials is advancing.

Negative Electrode

Battery Negative Electrode

As the market for lithium-ion battery for automotive use expands, the challenge is to further improve energy density while reducing costs. As a component, the negative electrode plays an important role together with the positive electrode.



Battery Separator

Separator is an important component that prevents short circuits between positive and negative electrodes, and at the same time facilitates the smooth passage of lithium ions. In addition to high safety, high energy density, high input/output, and low cost are required, and performance evaluation from various viewpoints is important.


Electrolyte Solution

Battery Electrolyte Solution​

The electrolytes and solvents that make up the electrolyte solution must-have characteristics such as oxidation and reduction resistance during charge and discharge, thermal and chemical stability, and ionic conductivity, and must be capable of producing high-quality SEI coatings. It is also important to analyze electrolyte solution components in order to evaluate battery performance because the composition is modified by battery reaction.


Battery Cell

Battery Cell

Lithium-ion battery are used in a variety of fields and applications, and it is important to analyze defective products, compare good products and defective products, compare before and after charging and discharging, observe structural changes inside cells in cycle tests, and evaluate gas components.


Journals & Papers

Experimental study on the formability of aluminum pouch for lithium polymer battery by manufacturing processes

Yu, M., Song, M., Kim, M. et al. J Mech Sci Technol (2019) 33: 4353.

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