Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) the EPA has theauthority to control hazardous waste. This includes the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal. RCRA also enables EPA to address environmental problems that could result from underground tanks storing petroleum and other hazardous substances.

The solid waste program encourages states to develop comprehensive plans to manage nonhazardous industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste, sets criteria for municipal solid waste landfills and other solid waste disposal facilities, and prohibits the open dumping of solid waste.

The hazardous waste program establishes a system for controlling hazardous waste.

The underground storage tank (UST) program regulates underground storage tanks containing hazardous substances and petroleum products.

The SW-846

The EPA publication SW-846, entitled Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods, is a compendium of analytical and sampling methods that have been approved for use in complying with the RCRA regulations. SW-846 functions primarily as a guidance document setting forth acceptable, although not required, methods for the regulated and regulatory communities to use in responding to RCRA-related sampling and analysis requirements.


SW846 Methods for the Analysis of Multiple Metals in Solid Waste

Method Instrumental Technique Shimadzu Model
6010C ICP Axial or Radial ICPE-9800
6020A ICPMS ICPMS-2030
7000B Flame AAS AA-7000F
7010 GFAAS AA-7000G


SW846 Methods for Anions in Solid Waste

Anions Method Instrumental Technique Shimadzu Model
Cyanide 9012B Manual Spectrophotometry UV-1280
Phenolics 9065 Manual Spectrophotometry UV-1280


SW846 Methods for Organics in Solid Waste

Contaminant Group Method Instrumental Technique Shimadzu Model
Volatiles 8260C Purge & Trap GCMS GCMS-QP2010SE with EST
Semi volatiles 8270D Extraction Direct Injection GCMS GCMS-QP2010SE or GCMS-QP2020
Organochlorine Pesticides and PCBs 8081B Liquid-Liquid Extraction Direct Injection GC with ECD GC-2030
8082A Liquid-Liquid Extraction Direct Injection GC with ECD GC-2030
Organophosphorus and organonitrogen pesticides 8141A Liquid-Liquid Extraction Direct Injection GC GC-2030
Toxaphene and Toxaphene Congeners 8276 Extraction Direct Injection GC-NICI/MS GCMS-QP2020
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) 8272 SPME GCMS/SIM GCMS-QP2020
Chemical Agents 8271 Direct Injection or Thermal Desorption GCMS GCMS-QP2020
Perchlorate 6850 HPLC/ESI/MS or HPLC/ESI/MS/MS LCMS-2020 or LCMS-8050
Nitroaromatics, nitramines, nitrate esters 8330B HPLC LC-40 HPLC System


Contaminant of Concern Method Shimadzu Instrument
Total Organic Carbon (TOC) 9060 TOC-L


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